- Determine your skin type- there are four main skin types to categorise your skin into: Dry, Oily, Combination and Normal. You will have dry skin if your skin has dry patches, feels tight or doesn’t produce oil. You will have oily (dehydrated) skin if your skin produces excess oils and is more prone to acne. You will have combination skin if you get some dryness in parts of your skin and oiliness in other parts at the same time. You will have normal skin if there isn’t an excess of oil or dryness in your everyday life.
- Determine your skin issues. Some examples of skin issues can be hyperpigmentation, acne, acne scarring, dryness, oiliness, congestion or dullness.
- Research what ingredients/products are good for your skin type and issues. When it comes to different skin types and skin issues there are always different ingredients and types of products which help with them issues. When it comes to acne or blemishes an ingredient which is great for helping reduce them is salicylic acid. For acne scarring you can get products which are made for reducing scars by exfoliating your skin chemically, these could include AHA’s or BHA’s. For dryness, products which will help that issue might contain oils. For oily or dehydrated skin you can use Hyaluronic Acid as it helps retain moisture in the skin so the skin doesn’t over produce oils. For congestion you could use products which exfoliate the skin either chemically or physically, this can be done by glycolic acid or lactic acid. For dull skin, Vitamin C or glycolic Acid is a brilliant product for resurfacing the skin with brighter healthier looking skin.
Once you have determined your skin type and issues and the kind of products or ingredients to help that you can work out and build your skincare routine. I will start off with showing a more basic routine and then I will show you what you can add and where to work on your skin issues.
Cleanser (AM and/or PM)
Toner (AM and/or PM)
Serum (AM and/or PM)
Moisturiser (AM and/or PM)
The cleanser will clean and cleanse your skin of any impurities which may get stuck in the pores. I don’t personally use one in the morning however if you find you need it then go for it.
The toner is usually for getting rid of the final debris left in your face or adding hydration to the skin. It is also great for helping the serum sink into the skin better. For example, a hyaluronic acid will retain moisture much better when added on top of a toner as there is moisture on the skin for it to retain. You can also get exploitation toners.
Serums can do so much depending on what type they are, but over all they are used for being much more specific at targeting the issues your skin is having. Whether that’s acne, dehydration or dullness.
A moisturiser will add the moisture back into the skin that the cleanser has stripped away and also will add a layer of protection on the skin. The addition of moisture will also help combat oiliness.
SPF is for sun protection, it helps with preventing premature ageing and also skin conditions such as melanoma. It’s essential for the health and the look of your skin.
This routine can be pretty foolproof and can really hit some of your skin issues effectively. These are the foundations of your routine as they do the basic jobs of maintaining the skins health.
If you want to see how I target my skin issues, especially during the winter time, click here to see my routine.
Then once you’ve got the basics down you can start to add more to your routine, for example you could add a type of exfoliation to the routine. This could come in the form of physical or chemical exfoliation in a mask which would be added once or twice a week. This will help with renewing the skin and targeting skin issues. You can also oils into your routine whether that be to deep cleanse or to add hydration to the skin.
Skincare routines are really personal and that is why I am not recommending specific products, however you can find what can work for you via research, trial and error or a dermatologist. Whatever you feel the most comfortable with please do it and definitely do your research.
Thank you so much for reading today and I hope to see you around these parts again soon. If you’ve enjoyed my recent content then please leave me a like, comment and follow so I know! Don’t forget to follow me on Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest which are all left down below.